Tourist Routes

• Tourist Routes

Alcalá la Real is included in six tourist routes, recognised as cultural itineraries, and is strategically located so you can get to know all of them.

1. Route of the Caliphate: This route unites the capitals of Al-Andalus, Califal and Nazarí, and is the one which , according to al-Idrisi, was followed in the 12th century between Córdoba and Granada. The territory along which the Route of the Caliphate travels once separated christendom from the muslim world at the end of the Middle Ages in Spain. King Alfonso XI conceded the “royal” title to Alcalá la Real, which he considered “the key, the guard and the defender of the Castillian Kings”

2. Route of Castles and Battles: This route comprises an area from the archeological site at Alarcos in the province of Ciudad Real to the foot of the Alhambra Palace in Granada and includes most of the historic monuments in the province of Jaén, where the route travels between Navas de Tolosa and Alcalá la Real. Along the route you can enjoy magnificent castles whose supremacy started to wane as Christian troops began defeating the Andalusí kingdoms.

3. Route of Romance and Legends: This initiative for sustainable tourism recognises the Sierra Sur of Jáen province as a renowned tourist destination due to its wealth of natural resources and scenic beauty. Added to that are an important historic and cultural legacy which makes the region well worth getting to know.

4. Route of the Renaissance: The Route of the Renaissance is a faithful reflection of the splendour of a bygone era. Palaces, sculptures, houses, streets, paintings, jewels, plazas… Evidence of the massive boom that occurred during the Jaén Renaissance, and which reached its peak in the 15th and 16th centuries, can be glimpsed around every corner. Jaén offers travellers the chance to explore the province´s wealth of historical monuments. Here one will discover centuries of art and history which have left their mark on this part of Andalucía.

5. Routes of Passion: This tourist offering is developed around a common cultural resource: Semana Santa or Easter week. Nevertheless, one is not limited to enjoying this route during one short period in the year as Semana Santa is the manifestation of a religious community that involves customs, gastronomy and handicrafts. The territory of the Routes of Passion takes in Alcalá la Real, Antequera, Baena, Estepa, Lucena, Marchena, Osuna, Priego de Córdoba and Puente Genil, which have in common that their Easter weeks have all been declared of Interest to Tourism.

6. Typical Cities in the Interior of Andalucía: This is a pilot project based on the concept of cooperation between local administrations and those who work in tourism in the region and includes the cities of Alcalá la Real, Antequera, Ecija, Estepa, Loja and Lucena. All of them offer a rich cultural heritage which we can get to know while maintaining Alcalá la Real as our reference point.

Finally, it is worthwhile mentioning Almedinilla, in order that you get to know the Roman villa of El Ruedo which was discovered in 1989. It is one of the best examples of Greco-Roman culture in Andalucía due to its extraordinary architecture and sculptural decoration, as well as for being one of the largest buildings of its type found in the region. Wonderful meals are celebrated here with all the rituals of the Roman table. It´s a worthwhile activity and one which the staff of Llave de Granada can help to organise.

Itineraries within the city

Itineraries within the city

Alcalá la Real has been declared a site of importance to art history and the Fortaleza de la Mota, with its walls and fortress tower as well as the network of watchtowers associated with it, have been declared part of the cultural heritage of Andalucía.

Get to know the city by following the itineraries on signs found throughout Alcalá la Real.

1. Fortaleza de la Mota: Located atop the hill above Alcalá, the fortress offers the best views of the city and the surrounding countryside. You will be able to visit the Gate of the Lances, the Gate of the Image, the Butchers, the Gate of the Weighing of the Flour, the foundations of the Medieval city, the military enclosure, the Gate of Santiago, the Gate of San Bartolomé, the water cisterns, the church Mayor Abacial, the prison tower the upper plaza, the grain store and the church of Santo Domingo de Silos.

2. Itineraries in the town centre- there are two which will allow you the opportunity to get to know:

  • THE OLD TOWN: Palacio Abacial (museum), Iglesia de la Encarnación (church), Iglesia de Consolación (church), Convento del Rosario (convent), Iglesia de San Juan (church), Plaza Arcipreste de Hita (Town Hall square), Casas de Enfrente (important houses facing the town hall), Iglesia de la Angustias (church), Iglesia de San Antón (church), Convento de los Capuchinos (former convent which is now the town library) and the Pilar de los Álamos (fountain).

  • BARRIO DE LAS CRUCES: Ermita del Ecce Homo (hermitage),Caseta del Nacimiento del Agua (the hut which guards the source of a spring), Ermita de San Marcos (hermitage), Ermita de Fátima (hermitage) and the ancestral home of Fernández de Moya.

Itineraries Near Alcalá la Real

• Itineraries Near Alcalá la Real

In contrast to the urban centre, you can enjoy the charming villages around Alcalá la Real as well as the views offered from the Medieval watchtowers that surround the city.

I.- THE VILLAGES:, You can visit the 16 villages which are home to one third of the population of our municipality and which are just a short distance from the city: Santa Ana, Fuente del Rey, Ribera Baja, Ribera Alta, Mures, Villalobo, Ermita Nueva, Venta de Agramaderos, La Pedriza, Peñas de Majalcorón, La hortichuela, Caserias de San Isidro, Fuente Älamo, Las Grajeras, La Rábita and San José de la Rábita.

II.- THE NETWORK OF ATALAYAS: These are watchtowers which were of great importance to military strategy during the Middle Ages. Many are still found in good condition for visiting them and enjoying the views they offer. The nine towers are found in Charilla, Fuente Alamo, Boca de Charilla, Dehesilla, Guadalquita, Moraleja, Mimbres, Pedregales and Cascante.


Nature, Leisure and Adventure

One can enjoy the surrounding countryside by walking or riding a bicycle. There are various routes signposted for ramblers including: Atalayas (watchtowers), Zumaques (sumacs), and the source of the River San Juan.

We also offer workshops related to agriculture and native customs of the region:

• Harvesting and seasoning green olives.
• Harvesting olives to make olive oil.
• Harvesting cherries for making liquers.
• Making traditional sausages (chorizo, salchichón etc.)

We can also organise activities through other businesses such as archery, paintball, canoeing on the reservoir, skiing in the Sierra Nevada, etc.